Alveolar plastic (osteotomy) of the jaw-tooth: (Surgery Jaw correction is a surgery in which the bones are cut to correct a jaw-tooth deformity to be displaced, changed, and re-adjusted. The word osteotomy means dividing or removing and cutting bone. This operation is used to correct jaw problems that face maxillofacial abnormalities. Abnormalities such as prognathism or forward and enlargement of the maxilla or lower jaw, open bite, pain and disorders of the temporomandibular joint, as well as chin stagnation. Improper growth of the upper or lower jaw causes deformity of the jaw and teeth, improper growth of the jaw in this condition makes it difficult to chew food and may also cause pain because the muscles and bones of the jaw are under pressure
Method of action
Most alveolar plastic (osteotomy) of the jaw is performed under general anesthesia. General anesthesia allows surgeons to perform maxillofacial osteotomy effectively without involuntary muscle movement and pain.
In order to reduce the risk of infection before any osteotomy, the third molars (wisdom teeth) should be extracted, especially in the mandible.
Jaw-tooth osteotomy incisions are made using swinging saws and reciprocating saws. Direct reciprocating saws are used for direct cutting of bone. Angled oscillating saw with which a special angular osteotomy can be performed, such as lowering the angle of the mandible.
Initial healing of all dental osteotomies takes 2 to 6 weeks
Secondary recovery occurs 2 to 4 months after the initial recovery time
Finally, if the jaw incisions are fixed with screws, the bones will normally cover them during the healing period of 2 to 3 months.