Gum transplant It is one of the types of dental surgeries which means correcting gingival resorption. This surgery is relatively easy and it does not take long to perform the surgery in such a way that the specialist جراح لثه It removes healthy tissue from the roof of the patient's mouth and grafts it to the area where the gums have decayed.
Gingival resorption occurs when the gums are worn and shortened, causing a large amount of tooth to appear towards the root of the tooth. In most cases, this problem causes the tooth to become more sensitive, especially when eating and drinking hot and cold foods and liquids.
Because gingival resorption occurs so slowly, many patients do not notice it until the tooth becomes sensitive and they see a dentist.
Some patients have gingival transplants for cosmetic reasons and have a beautiful smile design, and some to protect teeth whose gingival resorption has caused pain and sensitivity, and to repair the damage caused.
Severe brushing, gum disease, history of orthodontic treatment are the most common factors influencing the progression of gingival degeneration. Other causes include bruxism, misaligned teeth, and tobacco use. Of course, dentists believe that 50% is due to genetic factors.
The type of gingival transplant depends on the size, severity and needs of the individual, and the gingival surgeon ultimately chooses the most appropriate method according to his or her diagnosis.
This is the most common method for treating exposed tooth roots. In this method, the periodontist creates a flap in the roof of the mouth. It removes a layer of meat from the roof of the mouth and uses it for the area of the gums that needs treatment
This method is similar to the connective method and uses oral roof tissues. However, instead of removing the flap or underlying tissue, some of the oral roof tissue is removed directly and attached to the treated area. This method is used for people who have very thin gum tissue.
In this type of gingival graft, instead of removing the tissue from the roof of the mouth, the tissues adjacent to the tooth or the affected area are used. In this case, some of the gum tissue is pulled towards the tooth tread to cover the exposed part of the tooth. This method is used for patients who have enough gum tissue next to their teeth and have high strength.